China has a space vehicle that is now exploring the far side of the moon. They also capture the latest high definition photos by using advanced cameras that is attached to this rover. The far side of the moon or sometimes called the dark side of the moon, is the part of the moon that is permanently not visible from earth. There are still many mysteries that have not been revealed there.
As quoted from Mirror, the latest three photos shows the dusty surface of the moon with its craters, the trail left behind Yutu 2 rover after exiting the Chang’e 4 lander and the last photo showing shadow behind Yutu 2.
All three pictures were taken with a panoramic camera on the rover, which was running west from its landing point in the South Pole-Aitken valley, a crater on the far side of the Moon.
This area is attractive to scientists. By studying it, they hope to know more about the creation of the solar system and the earth. In addition, it also studies whether it should be used as a location for human mission in the future.
Since landing on the moon in January 2019, Chang’e 4 and Yutu 2 have carried out exploration and research in the crater of Von Karman. It is believed there are various chemical compounds there including thorium, iron oxide and titanium dioxide, which might be able to inform the origin of the moon layers.
Progress is slow because both vehicles are grounded during night time at the moon which lasts about 2 weeks in calendar, where their location is in the dark. They also have to take short breaks during the day because of the extreme temperatures.
However, this mission far exceeded expectations. Because, they are only designed to last only 3 days on moon (or about 90 days on calendar). But they still working perfectly for nearly 5 days at moon.
Rover Yutu 2 has moving 178.9 meters on the moon surface. This mission is a great achievement for China because it is the first time in human history to successfully land a spacecraft in the area commonly called the far side of the moon.
Chang’e 4 was launched on December 8, 2018, with a Long March 3B rocket from the Xichang satellite launch center. The spacecraft then enters lunar orbit four days later.
To communicate with Chang’e 4, the Chinese space agency had previously sent a Queqiao satellite relay to the halo orbit above the farthest side of the moon. This is done to deal with communication problems from the obstructed earth, so that Chang’e 4 can communicate and properly send data to the earth.